Last year the University of Debrecen improved its position in several international rankings and still maintains its leading position among Hungarian institutions of higher education.
The ever-growing number of international rankings are compiled on different bases. They evaluate the institutions’ education and research standards, their academic results based on quantitative indicators, or even focus on students' opinions, or the effectiveness of the education offered.
In December 2015, an end of year sprint saw the publication of the list by Google Scholar, Google's online scientific search engine. Among the top 600 universities the only ones from Hungary to feature are the Eötvös Loránd University (ELTE) (in 292nd place) and the University of Debrecen (513th). However, the list is updated daily, and so will change.
On the Google web interface under the ‘Making your own profile’ menu option any university lecturer or researcher can register; following this, any publications linked to his/her name are assigned and displayed on the basis of these scientific indicators (h - index, citations, i10 - index), and the results can be listed in year-by-year form. The first step for employees of the University of Debrecen is to upload publications to the iDEa Academic Space, since in this way they become visible on Google Scholar, thus further enhancing the position of the institution.
In the ranking of articles, several factors are taken into account, such as the full text of the article, the author, the publication in which the article appears, and also how often the relevant articles are cited in other scientific and literary works.
- The need for rankings cannot be questioned, because in today's global world, it is to some extent a judgment of an institution. Of course, Debrecen University needs to have "advertising", in the best sense of the word; classically we think of the Internet and articles in the press, but in another sense the international academic rankings also count, because – alongside geographical factors – they are the key aspect which makes students decide to continue their studies in Debrecen. But with any internet ranking, the primary issue is its authenticity and its professional and methodological credibility - academic vice-rector László Csernoch
told the unideb.hu portal.
In the 2015/16 admissions process, the University of Debrecen retained its leading position among the provincial institutions: 8163 students chose the institution as their preferred place of study, only preceded by the Eötvös Loránd University. More than 14,000 candidates applied to Debrecen – a similar number to the previous year -, while the total student population is close to 28,000, of whom more than four thousand arrive from abroad, from 101 different countries.
Five Hungarian universities featured on the University of Leiden’s latest 2015 ranking which is compiled on the basis of the number of publications and citations of teachers and researchers working in higher education on a year-by-year basis. 750 institutions feature on the Leiden list, and the University of Debrecen improved 17 places from last year's 681st place, the best result among the universities in the Hungarian provinces.
The Center for World University Rankings (CWUR), which features the world's top thousand universities, takes into account - among other things - the quality of education, the success of graduates on the job market, the quality of the instructors, the number of publications, the citation rate and the number of patents acquired. The University of Debrecen also improved its position on this list compared to last year, finishing in 667th place as the best of Hungary’s universities in the provinces. And if we take into account only the number of patents, Debrecen is first among Hungarian higher education institutions in 499th place (finishing above Semmelweis University and ELTE).
The Best Global Universities rankings uses twelve indicators (e.g. research results and publications, citation indexes, the number of PhD students). Worldwide, only two Hungarian higher education institutions feature among the top 600 universities: Eötvös Loránd University (ELTE), (465th) and the University of Debrecen (585th), which appears on the list for the first time. Within Europe there are also only two Hungarian universities among the top three hundred, ELTE (202nd place) and the University of Debrecen (255th). The Budapest University of Technology and Economics is at number 303, Semmelweis University at 307, and the University of Szeged at 310.
On the Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) World University Rankings (WUR) list, the University of Debrecen is among the top two hundred in four disciplines - medicine and pharmacology, agriculture and forestry, linguistics, and medicine.
Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) provides a ranking of universities in emerging European and Central Asian countries. This year, indicators from one hundred and fifty universities have been compared and the results published. Hungary has ten universities on the list, and two among the top thirty: ELTE in 16th place overall and the University of Debrecen in 29th, ahead of the Budapest University of Technology and Economics (32nd place), the Budapest Corvinus University (42nd) and the University of Pécs (53rd). In contrast to the global ranking of universities this list reflect the levels of developing countries’ universities more objectively, since it does not include American or British universities, and lists institutions of higher education with comparable financial resources. Nine main factors are compared in compiling the list. The academic reputation counts for 30% of the score, recognition among employers for 20%, the faculty/student ratio for 15%, and the number of publications of the faculty and its presence on the internet for 10% each. Also included are the number of PhD graduates and cited publications (each counting for 5%) and proportion of foreign teachers and students (2.5% each).